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Pambazuka on Haiti

PAMBAZUKA NEWS 467: HAITI: MICROCOSM OF THE CRISIS OF DEVELOPMENT

The authoritative electronic weekly newsletter and platform for social
justice in Africa

Pambazuka News (English edition): ISSN 1753-6839

CONTENTS: 1. Features, 2. Announcements, 3. Comment & analysis, 4.
Pan-African Postcard, 5. Advocacy & campaigns, 6. Obituaries, 7.
Letters & Opinions, 8. Books & arts, 9. Blogging Africa, 10. Emerging
powers in Africa Watch, 11. Highlights French edition

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Highlights from this issue

FEATURES
- Yash Tandon: Haiti is a microcosm of the crisis of development
- Sir Hilary Beckles: Haiti didn't fail, it was destroyed by two of
the most powerful nations on earth
- Cynthia McKinney: US response to Haiti earthquake reminiscent of
Hurricane Katrina
- Marian Douglas-Ungaro: Does Africa care about recreating Haiti's
socio-economic structures?
- Peter Hallward: Securing disaster in Haiti
+ more

ANNOUNCEMENTS
- Journalist study tour to China 2010 - Fahamu China in Africa programme

COMMENT & ANALYSIS
- Pan-African solidarity with Haiti
- International Association of Health Policy and Federación de
Asociaciones para la Defensa de la Sanidad Pública statement on health
for Haiti
- The social barriers to sustainability
+ more

PAN AFRICAN POSTCARD
- L. Muthoni Wanyeki: Al-Faisal’s gone, questions linger

ADVOCACY & CAMPAIGNS
- Kenyan citizens support withholding of Free Primary Education (FPE)
funds by US government
- Donors must keep up support for Guinea-Bissau
+ more

OBITUARIES
- David Coetzee, progressive journalist and publisher

BOOKS & ARTS
- Vicensia Shule reviews Laura Edmondson's 'Performance and Politics
in Tanzania: The Nation on Stage'


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1 Features

HAITI: MICROCOSM OF THE CRISIS OF DEVELOPMENT
Yash Tandon
The 'failure of development' is to blame for the devastating effects
of the recent earthquake in Haiti, writes Yash Tandon. Calling for
democratic institutions accountable to the country's people to be put
in place, Tandon argues that Haiti is ‘a microcosm of the disastrous
outcome' of ‘development’ policies and the 'destructive effects of
foreign interventionist policies’ in the affairs of the South.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61809
******


THE HATE AND THE QUAKE
Hilary Beckles
‘Haiti did not fail,’ writes Hilary Beckles, ‘it was destroyed by two
of the most powerful nations on earth, both of which continue to have
a primary interest in its current condition.' Buried 'beneath the
rubble of imperial propaganda', says Beckle, is 'the evidence which
shows that Haiti's independence was defeated by an aggressive
North-Atlantic alliance that could not imagine their world inhabited
by a free regime of Africans as representatives of the newly emerging
democracy.’
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61811
******


HAITI 2010: AN UNWELCOME KATRINA REDUX
Cynthia McKinney
What is happening in Haiti is, Cynthia McKinney observes, 'shades of
Hurricane Katrina all over again’. McKinney depicts, step by step, the
US response to Haiti’s crisis and lays bare its unashamedly military
nature. McKinney explores the reasons for the US’s militarised rescue
operation. She believes it is not only a consequence of US material
and oil interests in Haiti, but also the ideological threat that Haiti
poses to the Western world: 'Haiti is a light.' In defeating its
colonisers, it inspired millions to follow in its footsteps. But
McKinney concludes with a warning: 'Every plane of humanitarian
assistance that is turned away by the US military … and the … arrival
… of up to 10,000 US troops, are lasting reminders of the existential
threat that now looms over the valiant, proud people and the Republic
of Haiti.’
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61835
******


HAITI ‘YEAR ZERO’: THE AFRO-AMERICAS AND AFRICA
Time for a new kind of trans-Atlantic relationship
Marian Douglas-Ungaro
Haiti’s earthquake has provided the first opportunity since slavery
for slavery descendants in the Afro-Americas to alter and recreate the
country’s socio-economic structures and physical infrastructure,
writes Marian Douglas-Ungaro. But will former slave-owners and
colonial masters hinder or assist with the process, Douglas-Ungaro
asks, and will continental Africa notice or care?
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61813
******


SECURING DISASTER IN HAITI
Peter Hallward
A fortnight after the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti on 12
January 2010, the initial phase of the US-led relief operation has
conformed to three fundamental tendencies that have shaped the more
general course of the island's recent history, writes Peter Hallward –
the adoption of military priorities and strategies, the sidelining
Haiti's own leaders and government, and disregard for the needs of the
majority of its people. These same mutually reinforcing tendencies
will continue to govern the imminent reconstruction effort too,
Hallward cautions, unless determined political action is taken to
counteract them.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61817
******


HAITI CAN AWAKEN FROM THE DARK NIGHT OF THE BOAR
All together for the redemption of the country that showed us the
light of freedom
Amanda Huerta
Against the backdrop of the fundraising 'Hope for Haiti Now’ concert,
Amanda Huerta reflects on the impact that it will have. She believes
that it will at least draw the attention of 'those who, by commission
or by omission, never cast their eyes on the "third world" because
they got lost losing the "second" one'. Haiti has two potential paths,
Huerta argues, to become even more quashed by the 'military boot’ or
to be rebuilt in solidarity whereby 'We will construct among us the
morning … that forever ends the night of the boar.’
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61833
******


LETTER TO HONOURABLE P.J. PATTERSON
Norman Girvan
Norman Girvan writes to the Honourable P.J. Patterson, the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM) Secretariat’s representative to the Conference of
Foreign Ministers on Haitian Relief, which was held in Montreal on
Monday 25 January 2010. Girvan makes recommendations for a response
which ‘should be based on the principles of solidarity, respect for
[Haitians’] rights and respect for their country’s sovereignty'.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61834
******


HAITI'S 'ODIOUS DEBT' MUST BE COMPLETELY AND UNCONDITIONALLY CANCELLED
Eric Toussaint and Sophie Perchellet
Eric Toussaint and Sophie Perchellet criticise mainstream commentary
on Haiti for failing to look beyond the earthquake and to ask where
Haiti's poverty is rooted. They depict the historical passage of
political and economic exploitation and individual greed that has led
Haiti into a hole of crippling debt. Haiti, they argue, 'needs to be
rebuilt because it has been stripped of its means to rebuild itself'.
Toussaint and Perchellet note that 'All current financial aid
announced following the earthquake is already lost to the debt
repayment!' They conclude that those most responsible for
systematically exploiting Haiti, namely France and the US, must pay
their compensation through a fund for the country's reconstruction.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61836
******


DEMOCRACY BEFORE DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA
Alemayehu G. Mariam
Alemayehu G. Mariam attacks the common concept that economic democracy
must be achieved before abstract political rights. Mariam holds that
this ‘democracy before democracy’ notion is rooted in Kwame Nkrumah’s
dangerous legacy of one-man, one-party rule designed to ‘avoid genuine
multiparty democracy’ and buffer personal power. Mariam warns African
rulers following Nkrumah’s ‘political formula’ that ‘Africans want
Africa no longer to be the world’s cesspool of corruption, criminality
and cruelty.’ Ghana is today, Mariam argues, ironically the best model
of democracy in Africa. He concludes that in contrast to beliefs that
economic needs precede political rights, Africa wants genuine
multiparty democracy now.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61799
******


STOP 'MUTILATION' OF KENYA'S CONSTITUTION
Yash Ghai
As the Kenya Parliamentary Select Committee conducts its review of a
revised draft of the country’s constitution, Yash Ghai reminds the
committee that its role is to ‘resolve contentious issues’ in the
document, not to determine them.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61825
******


ANC SHAREHOLDINGS PRESENT CONFLICT OF INTEREST
William Gumede
From whichever angle you look at, it is simply wrong for a governing
political party to own shares in a commercial company, let alone when
such a company bids for government tenders, writes William Gumede.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61815
******


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2 Announcements

JOURNALIST STUDY TOUR TO CHINA 2010 - FAHAMU CHINA IN AFRICA PROGRAMME
Call for Applications
The Fahamu China in Africa Programme is pleased to announce a call for
applications for its Journalist Study Tour to Beijing. Four successful
applicants will be chosen to participate in a week-long study tour to
China. Media professionals in print, broadcast, radio and online fora
throughout Africa are encouraged to apply for this study tour.
Lecturers from journalism schools and media programmes in Africa may
also apply.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/Announce/61793
******


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3 Comment & analysis

PAN-AFRICAN SOLIDARITY WITH HAITI: PRESS RELEASE
South African CIVICUS [the World Alliance for Citizen Participation],
and its partners have announced the launch of the ‘Africa for Haiti’
campaign aimed at rebuilding Haiti in solidarity. The press statement,
issued on 22 January 2010, states that ‘The objective of this campaign
is not to provide immediate relief but rather to contribute toward the
medium to long-term reconstruction of communities in Haiti.’ The press
statement is accompanied by supporting statements for the campaign
from Archbishops Desmond Tutu, Njongonkulu Ndungane, Malusi Mpumlwana,
Thabo Makgoba, and businessman Stanley Subramony.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/61808
******


HEALTH FOR HAITI
International Association of Health Policy and Federación de
Asociaciones para la Defensa de la Sanidad Pública
The following is joint statement by the International Association of
Health Policy and the Federación de Asociaciones para la Defensa de la
Sanidad Pública calling on international health organisations to
ethically establish proper social and healthcare systems for the
people of Haiti.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/61800
******


FINAL DECLARATION OF THE EXTRAORDINARY MEETING OF THE POLITICAL
COUNCIL OF THE ALBA, 25 JANUARY 2010
The following is the full text of the final declaration of last
Monday's meeting at the Miraflores Palace between Venezuelan President
Hugo Chávez, Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Dominica Roosevelt
Skerrit and the foreign ministers of the member countries of the
Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA).
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/61798
******


THE SOCIAL BARRIERS TO SUSTAINABILITY
To avert climate change, we must outlaw inequality
Bob Hughes
The modern global economy doesn’t just run on fossil fuels, writes Bob
Hughes, it primarily driven by social and economic inequality. But as
a growing number of studies suggests that this inequality also has a
heavy environmental cost, Hughes argues that ‘a world without
inequality is not just desirable, it is necessary, and urgently’.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/61837
******


DEAR MOST HONORABLE MP
Paul Mwangi Maina
Dear most honorable MP,
When will it ever end?
When will it stop, people are crying, dying,
Hunger,
Disease,
Ignorance,
When will it stop?
It’s been called disgusting,
Immoral,
Uncouth,
Cold,
Corrupt,
Yet it still continues,
When will it stop?
It’s hard to imagine,
It can be justified,
With all these problems,
Disgusting,
Stop it,
Stop now,
Stop the slaps on the face,
The vomiting on the shoes,
The cold heartedness,
To the hungry, sick, poor,
Of our nation,
By constantly increasing your pay packages,
And failing to pay tax,
We are FED UP,
And on a day soon to come,
We will show you how much.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/61801
******


WHY THE NATION-STATE IS WRONG FOR AFRICA
Amira Kheir
The development challenges African countries face stem from their use
of an inappropriate governance structure, the nation-state, writes
Amira Kheir. The nation-state is an inherited system that does not
match the continent’s needs and potential, says Kheir, arguing instead
for a state that functions as an administrative centre for legislation
and organisation but that remains free from ‘fictitious affiliations’
to a larger identity.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/61829
******


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4 Pan-African Postcard

AL-FAISAL’S GONE, QUESTIONS LINGER
L. Muthoni Wanyeki
Following the arranged departure from Kenya of the Muslim preacher
Abdullah al-Faisal back to Jamaica, L. Muthoni Wanyeki reflects on the
curious circumstances behind the preacher's transportation out of the
country.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/panafrican/61797
******


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5 Advocacy & campaigns

CITIZENS’ STATEMENT IN SUPPORT OF US GOVERNMENT WITHHOLDING FPE FUNDS
Bunge La Mwananchi
We the citizens of Kenya wish to issue this statement in support of
the decision by the United States Government to withhold funds that
had been earmarked towards Kenya’s Free Primary Education programme.
As aggrieved citizens we agree and demand that those responsible for
the misappropriation of free education funds not only be dismissed
from office but be held accountable to the full extent of the law.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/61814
******


KEEP ON SUPPORTING GUINEA-BISSAU
This is a petition to reiterate the necessity for donors, European
Governments and European NGOs not to give in to current trends of aid
concentration that very clearly contribute to further marginalizing
countries such as Guinea-Bissau, and to reconsider their present
relationship with Guinea-Bissau.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/61787
******


SOUTH AFRICA: ANTI-GAY APPOINTMENT CONCERNS US ALL
Oliver Meth
If Uganda's anti-homosexuality bill becomes law, it will be little
short of state-sponsored "genocide" against the gay community. So, the
ambassadorial appointment of Jon Qwelane, well-know for his homophobic
and derogatory statements against the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and
intersex (LGBTI) community, was a shock to human rights and gay
activists.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/61804
******


SOUTH AFRICA: SOS: CIVIL SOCIETY UNITES TO CHALLENGE PUBLIC SERVICE
BROADCASTING BILL (PSB)
Amandla! Alternative Media
Media and communication activists and organizations in South Africa
have united into the strongest communication advocacy campaign (
http://www.communitymedia.org.za/component/rokdownloads/file/5-sos-submission-to-doc-discssion-09/
) since the collapse of formal apartheid: the SOS Support Public
Broadcasting coalition. The coalition formed first in response to the
governance and financial crisis at the SABC and then broadened to
engage the Department of Communication's (DOC) bold steps to review
Broadcasting legislation.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/61810
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6 Obituaries

DAVID COETZEE, PROGRESSIVE JOURNALIST AND PUBLISHER
1943-2010
Adrian R Crewe
David Coetzee, the founder of the alternative information bulletin
SouthScan, for a number of years the most significant source of
independent, uncensored information about what was going on in
apartheid South Africa, passed away on 24 January 2010 at the age of
66.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/obituary/61805
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7 Letters & Opinions

DOUBTS ON THE VERACITY OF MUTSINZI REPORT
René Lemarchand
Anyone familiar with the basic provisions of the Arusha accords of 18
August 1992 is impelled to call into question Gerald Caplan's
credentials in commenting on the merits of the Mutsinzi report (
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/61625 ) , writes René
Lemarchand.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/letters/61830
******


THE EVIDENCE POINTS IN ONE DIRECTION ONLY
Gerald Caplan
Gerald Caplan responds to Professor René Lemarchand's criticism of his
article on the Mutsinzi Report into the assassination of Rwandan
President Habyarimana in 1994.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/letters/61832
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RWANDANS DESERVE BETTER THAN THIS
Susan Thomson
Given Rwanda's history of the elite manipulation of the past for political
gain, Gerald Caplan's analysis of the Mutsinzi Report is dangerous and
thoughtless, writes Susan Thomson.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/letters/61831
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8 Books & arts

REVIEW OF 'PERFORMANCE AND POLITICS IN TANZANIA: THE NATION ON STAGE'
BY LAURA EDMONDSON
Vicensia Shule
Vicensia Shule reviews Laura Edmondson's 'Performance and Politics in
Tanzania: The Nation on Stage', a book which she regards as decidedly
limited in its analysis of the evolution of Tanzanian theatre.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/books/61796
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9 Blogging Africa

35 SECONDS THAT CHANGED EVERYTHING
Sokari Ekine
In this week’s round-up of the African blogosphere, Sokari Ekine is
disappointed to find little commentary from Africa on the recent Haiti
earthquake. She looks to bloggers in the diaspora instead, to shed
light on events and to investigate the historical connections between
Haiti and Africa.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/blog/61819
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10 Emerging powers in Africa Watch

AFRICA RISING
Ed Cropley and Ben Hirschler
The International Monetary Fund believes growth in sub-Saharan Africa
will be 1 percentage point above the global average, and puts eight
African countries in its top 20 fastest-expanding economies in 2010,
write Ed Cropley and Ben Hirschler. Oil-rich Angola and Congo Republic
will lead the charge with growth rates of more than 9 and 12 percent
respectively, both beating China, according to the IMF's most recent
projections.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/africa_china/61802
******


NAMIBIAN, CHINESE TRADE ENJOYS RAPID GROWTH
Chrispin Inambao
Despite the financial crisis that has wrecked global economies, the
volume of trade between Namibia and China has grown, resulting in
commerce between the two countries exceeding US$550 million in 2009,
writes Chrispin Inambao.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/africa_china/61792
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11 Highlights French edition

PAMBAZUKA NEWS 131: L'AFRIQUE FACE AU DRAME HAïTIEN
L’Afrique en soutien à Haïti (
http://pambazuka.org/fr/category/features/61772 )

Haïti : Où est la Mère Afrique lorsque ses enfants meurent ? (
http://pambazuka.org/fr/category/features/61774 )
Rodrigue Kpogli

Haïti : La dévastation a commencé il y a deux cents ans (
http://pambazuka.org/fr/category/features/61773 )
Uhuru Solidarity movement

Notre amour pour Haïti ( http://pambazuka.org/fr/category/features/61771 )
Jean-Bertrand Aristide

« Nous allons nous battre pour faire partir les militaires du pouvoir
en Guinée ( http://pambazuka.org/fr/category/features/61784 )
Cellou Dalein Diallo
******


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