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Humanitarian aid Ethiopia

This case study on Ethiopia forms part of the ODI research series on the role of the state in ‘humanitarian governance’. This series considers such topics as:
• Governmental legislation and registration of humanitarian organisations
• State-led coordination vis a vis international arrangements
• Donor efforts to strengthen state capacities
• Assessments of state capacities and organisations’ related strategies to supplant state responsibilities and role
• NGO advocacy with states for protection and assistance in times of disasters
• Government perceptions of international humanitarian actors, and vice versa Ethiopia, with its long history of exposure to and responses to crises as well as its extensive   engagements with the international community, is a prime case for consideration of these lines of inquiry. In this paper, we review strands of humanitarianism that have characterised the organised management of risk and vulnerability during myriad crises across a range of populations. We focus on the various regimes of the Ethiopian state since the 1970s and their roles in and capacities for disaster risk management writ large – prevention, preparedness, mitigation, response, recovery, and rehabilitation. State
capacity for humanitarian governance is analysed from three perspectives: 
the role of the state in direct service provision, its ability to mobilise and facilitate resources, and its ability to build an enabling environment to promote individual, household and community resilience.
The case study was developed based on literature and interviews with specialists with historical knowledge of the evolution of disaster management within successive Ethiopian governments. 
Peter Merckx,
5 Jan 2010, 00:40