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Education in Nepal

 In 1954, Nepal National Education Planning Commission laid the foundation for a national education system within the framework of national unity, democracy, and
development .  The All-round National Education Commission, 1962 added nationalism and the prevailing political ideology to the national education system.  However, during
the period of 1956-1970, national education efforts were focused more on expanding access rather than on doctrine. The adoption of the National Education System Plan (NESP) for 1971-76 nationalized education and moulded the system in line with the values of the Panchyat Political System.  In late 1980s and 1990s, many projects were initiated to improve the access and quality of school education.  Some of the major projects were: Primary Education Project (PEP), Basic and Primary Education Programme (BPEP) I and II, and Secondary Education Development Project (SEDP).  During this period, the government had formed two high-level Commissions - the National Education Commission, 1992; and the High Level National Education Commission, 1999 - for policy recommendations to address inconsistencies, streamline the system, and to improve education.  After 2000, the government policies shifted towards "fundamental reforms" such as decentralization and community involvement to improve school performances.  All the programmes were also launched accordingly.  The Education for All (EFA), Teacher Education Project (TEP), Secondary Education Support Programme (SESP), Community School Support Programme (CSSP) and Food for Education (FfE) were the programmes implemented in line with the spirit of decentralization and community support. Recently, the Ministry of Education (MoE) has developed a Core Document for the School Sector Reform (SSR).  The Core Document has elaborated policy directions, articulated strategies, and introduced new sets of quality led interventions for improving governance, management and resource mobilization in school education, aiming at improving efficiency and ensuring students’ learning with restructuring the school structure as Basic Level (grade 1-8) and Secondary Level (grade 9 to 12).  Besides these programmes for school education, Higher Education Project (HEP) I and II also have been implemented under the University Grant Commission (UGC) for the overal ldevelopment of the Tertiary Education of Nepal.  The Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT) of Nepal is offering vocational education programmes to produce technical human resources of basic and medium level necessary for national development.With all these programmes and interventions in education, Nepal has achieved considerable success in the aspects of access and equity whereas the quality aspects still needs some more remarkable interventions to improve.
                                        


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