Module on leadership skills

 Leadership skills



welcome to participants to take session of introduce to them the topic and its objectives, review with them brief and make brain storming by asking who is the (leader)

expected that the participants answering by the following

A  leader is a person who leads the group
A leader is a person who guides, makes decisions, organizes work and maintains progress
A leader organizes families, community groups, etc

Enable the trainees know how the participants have done leader ship ask the following questions:

Ask the participants:

  Have you ever led a group?

  What was the situation?

   Is leadership an easy task?

After a discussion between the trainer and participants expected definition .


The trainee discus the importance of the good leader and explain how to be a good one? 

·         Ask group members opinion before taking decision

·         Listens and gives guidance

·         Encourages members

·         Encourages team work

·         Is concerned about the group members and their well beings

·         Keeps harmony among the group

·         Is respectful

·         Is fair with each group member

·         Is patient

·         Builds trust in group members




·         Ask the participants to prepare a speech on one topic (just one idea). Give them 15 minutes to do that.

·         Ask them randomly to speak out the speech they prepared individually and in only 3 minutes.


This exercise is to test your ability to prepare yourself in a short time and present in a very short time.

Choosing a leader:


Learning Objectives

By the end of the session, participants will:

  • Understand the qualities of a good leader;
  • Have thought about how they select leaders;
  • Have examined their own strengths and weaknesses as a leader.

1. Warmer (10 mins)

a. (5 mins) Ask participants to work in pairs and give each pair one pen and one sheet of flipchart paper. Ask pairs to both hold the pen between them, ready to draw on the paper. Ask participants to draw a picture of peace, without talking.

b. (5 mins) Ask participants to show the group their drawings. How successful were they? Why? Why not? Ask some of the more successful pairs how they were able to draw. Did they choose a leader? How?


2. What is a leader? (20 mins)

a. (10 mins) Ask participants to brainstorm in groups of 2/3 ideas on the following questions about leaders:

  • What is a leader?
  • Why do we need leaders in our communities, groups and organizations?
  • Who are leaders you know?
  • What are the characteristics of a good leader?

b. (10 mins) Ask individual groups to share their ideas with the whole group and to discuss the questions above.


3. Animal Leaders (55 mins)

a. (2 mins) Tell participants:

Different ways to lead

Different people lead in different ways.  Some leaders may be strong in one area but weak in another.  One of the best ways to become a good leader is to know what areas you are weak in so that you can improve them. 


b. (13 mins) Have cut up animal cards from the following two pages prepared. Ask participants to work in groups of 2/3 and to each take an animal card and think about and discuss:

§  What kind of leader this animal would be.

§  The good and bad things this animal might do as a leader.

§  If they know anyone who is similar to this animal. How are they similar? Do they make a good leader? Why? Why not?

c. (40 mins) Ask each pair to present their animal to the whole group and to share their discussions. Ask for comments from the whole group after each presentation. The following are some ideas of characteristics for each ‘animal leader’:


The rabbit runs away quickly from possible problems or tension in a group, as well as from difficult tasks.


The cat is always looking for sympathy, saying this is too difficult for me, let someone else do it.


The snake hides in the grass and strikes unexpectedly.  People may think there is no danger and then find the snake manager angry all of a sudden.


The chameleon changes color according to the people he is with.  When he is with one group, he says one thing, and then says another when he is with different people.


The ostrich buries her head in the sand and refuses to admit that there is any problem.


The tortoise withdraws from the staff, refusing to give opinions or ideas.


The mouse is too shy to speak on any subject.


The peacock is always showing off, competing for attention, wanting everyone to see how good he is.


The rhinoceros charges around, putting his feet in everything and upsetting people unnecessarily.


The monkey is always making jokes and not taking work seriously.


The fox does everything in his own interest and will make others fall.


The elephant simply blocks the way and stubbornly prevents the group from continuing along the road to their desired goal.


The lion gets into fights whenever others disagree with her plans or interfere with her desires.


The donkey is very stubborn and never changes his point of view.


The owl looks very serious and pretends to be very wise, always talking in long words and complicated sentences.


The giraffe looks down on others and the activities in general, saying, “I am above this childish nonsense.”



3. BREAK (15 mins)


4. Leadership in an organization – case study (45 mins)

a. (2 mins) Tell participants:

Leadership in work

Think back to the tower you built on Day one. One situation in which leadership skills are important is when we are working or carrying out a task. We are going to look at some different ways of leading a team to carry out work. We will read a case study (an example) and some questions and discuss them together.


b. (28 mins) Distribute the handouts on the following page and read them with the participants. Ask participants to discuss the questions in their groups.


Handout - Case study – Salaama organization


Salaama organization

The organization Salaama has a wide developmental program throughout the country.  During a six-year period, the organization had three different team leaders for its programs.  A survey of the staff was conducted after six years and the following was reported about the three team leaders. Read them and discuss the questions at the bottom with your group:


First team leader – Jama

Jama always decided how each activity was going to be done.  He always praised and criticized on a personal basis and kept standards and goals to himself.  The staff never started a job unless he specifically assigned activities to them. Jama was a hard working team leader and staff worked hard according to his instructions.


Second team leader – Sara

Whenever a problem arose from the work, Sara discussed it with the involved workers before she decided on a solution.  Of course she listened, but she also gave suggestions.  She explained the goals of the job and gave the staff a feeling of accomplishment when they did a good job.


Third team leader – Ali

Ali hated to give orders, and worried about whether the staff would be happy if he did so.  He let them do freely whatever they wanted and however they wanted.  The workers always organized themselves and the work was always done very well.


1.  What are the good things as well as the bad things in each way of leading?

2.  What made each leader effective?

3.  What mistakes did each leader make?



c. (25 mins) Ask participants to discuss their answers to the questions with the whole group, with the following as a guide:

Case study – Salaama organization

1.  What are the good things as well as the bad things in each way of leading?

Jama’s style is very top-down.  The bad things about this style are that people are not part of the decisions that are being made; they are only the opinion of one person.  However, he was lucky that the staff worked hard and did what they said.  Sometimes that is more efficient than spending a lot of time on discussions. 

Sara’s style is a combination of both top down and bottom up.  She discussed problems, but made the decisions herself, not allowing it to be a group decision.  She also supported her staff a lot, which is important for a leader.

Ali’s style is very bottom-up.  The employees were able to do as they thought was necessary, and the team leader never gave them instructions.  However, he did not necessarily give them enough structure and guidance because he was afraid to do so. 


2.  What made each leader effective?

Jama was effective because he was confident and the employees did what they were told.  Sara was effective because she gave her team confidence and encouraged them to be involved in decision-making.  Ali was effective because his staff had the freedom to do what was necessary and they were not forced to implement any important decisions that were made without knowing the real situation of the project.


3.  What mistakes did each leader make?

The mistakes that Jama made were to not involve the staff enough in the decision-making process.  He did not listen to their ideas.  They may have been scared of him, and that was why the employees always worked hard.  Being scared is not a good working environment, however!

The mistakes that Sara made were to not let the group make the final decision.  However, there may be certain times when it is necessary to make a decision without group input, such as in an emergency situation or where there is a conflict and the two sides cannot agree.

The mistakes that Ali made were to be too afraid to make decisions and to worry too much.  He should practice some basic leadership skills, such as how to make decisions and how to encourage teamwork.