Burundi

                               

                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.burundi
The Republic of Burundi is a small country lying in the Great Lakes region of Africa. Its’ neighboring countries are Rwanda, Tanzania, and Democratic Republic of Congo. Although the country is landlocked, much of its western border is adjacent to Lake Tanganyika. The country’s modern name is derived from its Bantu language, Kirundi.

Burundi is poorest African Nation; Science Daily ranked Burundi as the least “happiest” country in the world.

The government in Burundi is presidential representative democratic republic. The President of Burundi is both Head of the State and Head of the Government. The government has given the executive power; the legislative power is given to both government and parliament. The Burundi parliament has two houses- the Senate and the National Assembly. The Burundi administration is divided into 17 provinces, 117 communes, and 2 638 collines. The country is overtly populated.

Burundi offers equatorial climate. The land is almost agricultural or pasture.  There are two national parks inBurundi- Kibira National Park to the northwest and Rurubu National Park to the northeast.

Burundi’s economy largely depends on agriculture. The largest revenue comes from production of Coffee. Agriculture products include cotton, tea, maize, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, and manioc. Beef, milk and hides are also produced at large. Burundi also produces light consumer goods like blankets, shoes, and soap.


Burundi Education is a matter of prime concern and the Ministry of Education is providing full support for educating the masses. The literacy rate of the country is very meager and it is about 65% of the total population. Primary education is provided free of cost and officially it has been made compulsory for children aged between 7 to 14 years. 

Initially in 1996 only 50% of the children attended the primary schools whereas the enrollment in secondary schools was even much lower consisting of only 8.5 %. Till 1954, the imparting of education in Burundi was the sole responsibility of religious missions and this was restricted to primary grades only. 

The languages of instruction in Burundi schools are Kisundi and French. Initially the literacy percentage was decreasing very rapidly but then situations improved and by the year 2000, the literacy percentage was about 52. 

Recently there has been a considerable hike in the pupil teacher ratio of Burundi schools. In the year 1999 the public expenditure on education was approximately 3.9% of GDP. Thus, the level of Burundi education is improving with each passing day and the children of Burundi are reaping a positive outcome of this. 


Educational Profile


Burundi is one of the poorest African nations. Its’ knowledge economy is also not strong. Though educationis available right from pre primary level to university level. Every child 6 years or older must have to attend school. The literacy rate is low and there is large void between male and female literacy. The following figures speaks well about education scenario in Burundi


Participation in education

Pre-primary19911999200220042004
Regional average

GER
(%)

MF ... 1 1 1(3)12
M ... 1 1 1(3)13
F ... 1 1 1(3)12



Primary enrolment

Primary19911999200220042004
Regional average
GER(%)MF 97 113 116(3)113(3)118
M 101 114 116(3)114(3)120
F 93 112 115(3)113(3)116
NER(%)MF ... 95 95(3)95(3)95
M ... 95 95(3)95(3)96
F ... 95 95(3)96(3)94



Secondary enrolment

Secondary19911999200220042004
Regional average
GER(%)MF 5 ... ... 12(3)30
M 7 ... ... 14(3)33
F 4 ... ... 10(3)26
NER(%)MF ... ... ... ...(3)24
M ... ... ... ...(3)26
F ... ... ... ...(3)21



Tertiary enrolment

Tertiary19911999200220042004
Regional average

GER(%)

MF 1 1 2 2(3)5
M 1 1 3 3(3)6
F - 1 1 1(3)4



Progression and completion in education

School life expectancy ISCED 1-6 (years)(3)6
Percentage of repeaters, primary (%) 29
Survival rate to grade 5 (%)(1)63
Gross intake ratio to last grade of primary (%) 33
Primary to secondary transition rate (%)(1)34



Resources for education

Pupil / teacher ratio (primary) 51
Public expenditure on education :
as % of GDP 5.2
as % of total government expenditure(4)13.0
Distribution of public expenditure per level (%) :
pre-primary 0
primary 44
secondary 32
tertiary 24
unknown  



Literacy rates

Literacy rates 1990  2000-2004 2000-2004
Regional average
Adult(15+)
%
MF 37.0 (5)59.3 62.5
M 48.4 (5)67.3 70.9
F 26.6 (5)52.2 54.8
Youth(15-24)
%
 MF 51.6 (5)73.3 70.5
M 58.4 (5)76.8 75.7
F 44.8 (5)70.4 65.7




Burundi At a Glance


Official NameRepublic of Burundi
National Flag

Coat Of Arms
Motto:“Unity, Work, Progress”
National Anthem:Burundi bwacu
Capital:Bujumbura
Largest City:Bujumbura
Official Language:Kirundi, French
Government:Republic
Independence:July 1, 1962 (From Belgium)
Total Area:10 745 sq mi
Population:7 548 000 (According to 2005 estimate)
Currency:Burundi franc (FBu) (BIF)
Time Zone:CAT (UTC + 2)
Summer DST – not observed (UTC+2)
Internet TLD:.bi
Calling Code:+257



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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:22
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:16
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:05
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:28
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:07
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 02:23
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 02:06
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:23
Ċ
Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:22
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:04
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Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 01:07
Ċ
Peter Merckx,
11 Jan 2010, 02:07
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